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International Food Security Assessment, 2013-2023

This report continues the series of food assessments in developing countries begun in the late 1970s by USDA’s Economic Research Service.

Food insecurity in the 76 countries included in this report is expected to remain virtually unchanged, but with some distributional changes, between 2012 and 2013.

Food-insecure people are defined as those consuming less than the nutritional target of roughly 2,100 calories per day per person. The total number of food-insecure people is estimated at 707 million in 2013, up 3 million from 2012.

Over the longer term, the food security situation is projected to deteriorate further: by 2023, the number of food-insecure people is projected to increase nearly 23% to 868 million, slightly faster than population growth. As a result, the share of the population that is food insecure is projected to increase from 20.4% to 21.5%.

Despite improvements over the years, Sub-Saharan Africa is projected to remain the most food-insecure region in the world. 


United States Department of Agriculture
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